jueves, 3 de febrero de 2011

Personal Pronouns - Subject
Replace the words in brackets by the correct personal pronouns. Note that Sue is the person speaking. The (*) means that you are asked a question.
My name is Sue. (Sue) ______ am English. And this is my family.
My mum's name is Angie. (Angie) _______ is from Germany.
Bob is my dad. (My dad) ______ is a waiter.
On the left you can see Simon. (Simon) _______ is my brother.
(Sue and Simon) ______ are twins.
Our dog is a girl, Judy. (Judy) ___________ is two years old.
(Sue, Simon, Angie and Bob) _________ live in Canterbury.
(Canterbury) _______ is not far from London.
My grandparents live in London. (My grandparents) _________ often come and see us.
What can (*)_____tell me about your family?

Personal Pronouns

Pronombres personales
Traducción ejemplo
I am ill.
Yo estoy enfermo.
You are hungry.
Tú estás hambriento.
He is handsome.
Él es guapo.
She is pretty.
Ella es guapa
ello (neutro)
It's cold today.
Hoy hace frío.
We are tired.
Nosotros estamos cansados.
You are angry.
Vosotros estáis enfadados.
ellos, ellas
They are at the cinema.
Ellos están en el cine.

Resultados IELTS

IELTS:International English Language Testing System
Rendido: 4 de diciembre del 2010
Resultado: 7.5, Level Between Good User and Very Good User:
Good User:"Has operational command of language, though with occasional unaccuracies, innappropriacies and misunderstanding in some situations. Generally handles complex language well and understands detailed reasoning."(1)
Very Good User: "Has fully operational command of language with only occasional inaccuracies and inappropriacies. Misunderstanding may occur in infamiliar situations. Handles complex detailed argumentation well."(2)
(1)-(2):Book: "Official examination papers from University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations IELTS 7. Editorial Cambridge. Cambridge Books for Cambridge Exams.2009. United Kingdom.

lunes, 17 de enero de 2011

The article

Using Articles
What is an article? Basically, an article is an adjective. Like adjectives, articles modify nouns.
English has two articles: the and a/an.
The is used to refer to specific or particular nouns; a/an is used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns. We call the the definite article and a/an the indefinite article.

the = definite article
a/an = indefinite article

For example, if I say, "Let's read the book," I mean a specific book. If I say, "Let's read a book," I mean any book rather than a specific book.

Here's another way to explain it: The is used to refer to a specific or particular member of a group. For example, "I just saw the most popular movie of the year." There are many movies, but only one particular movie is the most popular. Therefore, we use the.
"A/an" is used to refer to a non-specific or non-particular member of the group. For example, "I would like to go see a movie." Here, we're not talking about a specific movie. We're talking about any movie. There are many movies, and I want to see any movie. I don't have a specific one in mind.
Let's look at each kind of article a little more closely.

Indefinite Articles: a and an
"A" and "an" signal that the noun modified is indefinite, referring to any member of a group. For example:
•"My daughter really wants a dog for Christmas." This refers to any dog. We don't know which dog because we haven't found the dog yet.
•"Somebody call a policeman!" This refers to any policeman. We don't need a specific policeman; we need any policeman who is available.
•"When I was at the zoo, I saw an elephant!" Here, we're talking about a single, non-specific thing, in this case an elephant. There are probably several elephants at the zoo, but there's only one we're talking about here.

Remember, using a or an depends on the sound that begins the next word. So...
•a + singular noun beginning with a consonant: a boy; a car; a bike; a zoo; a dog
•an + singular noun beginning with a vowel: an elephant; an egg; an apple; an idiot; an orphan
•a + singular noun beginning with a consonant sound: a user (sounds like 'yoo-zer,' i.e. begins with a consonant 'y' sound, so 'a' is used); a university; a unicycle

Remember, too, that in English, the indefinite articles are used to indicate membership in a group:
•I am a teacher. (I am a member of a large group known as teachers.)
•Brian is an Irishman. (Brian is a member of the people known as Irish.)
•Seiko is a practicing Buddhist. (Seiko is a member of the group of people known as Buddhists.)

Definite Article: the
The definite article is used before singular and plural nouns when the noun is specific or particular. The signals that the noun is definite, that it refers to a particular member of a group. For example:
"The dog that bit me ran away." Here, we're talking about a specific dog, the dog that bit me.
"I was happy to see the policeman who saved my cat!" Here, we're talking about a particular policeman. Even if we don't know the policeman's name, it's still a particular policeman because it is the one who saved the cat.
"I saw the elephant at the zoo." Here, we're talking about a specific noun. Probably there is only one elephant at the zoo.
Count and Noncount Nouns
The can be used with noncount nouns, or the article can be omitted entirely.
•"I love to sail over the water" (some specific body of water) or "I love to sail over water" (any water).
•"He spilled the milk all over the floor" (some specific milk, perhaps the milk you bought earlier that day) or "He spilled milk all over the floor" (any milk).
A/an" can be used only with count nouns.
•"I need a bottle of water."
•"I need a new glass of milk."
Most of the time, you can't say, "She wants a water," unless you're implying, say, a bottle of water.

Geographical use of the
There are some specific rules for using the with geographical nouns.
Do not use the before:
•names of most countries/territories: Italy, Mexico, Bolivia; however, the Netherlands, the Dominican Republic, the Philippines, the United States
•names of cities, towns, or states: Seoul, Manitoba, Miami
•names of streets: Washington Blvd., Main St.
•names of lakes and bays: Lake Titicaca, Lake Erie except with a group of lakes like the Great Lakes
•names of mountains: Mount Everest, Mount Fuji except with ranges of mountains like the Andes or the Rockies or unusual names like the Matterhorn
•names of continents (Asia, Europe)
•names of islands (Easter Island, Maui, Key West) except with island chains like the Aleutians, the Hebrides, or the Canary Islands
Do use the before:
•names of rivers, oceans and seas: the Nile, the Pacific
•points on the globe: the Equator, the North Pole
•geographical areas: the Middle East, the West
•deserts, forests, gulfs, and peninsulas: the Sahara, the Persian Gulf, the Black Forest, the Iberian Peninsula

Omission of Articles
Some common types of nouns that don't take an article are:
•Names of languages and nationalities: Chinese, English, Spanish, Russian
•Names of sports: volleyball, hockey, baseball
•Names of academic subjects: mathematics, biology, history, computer science

Más info:

Verb "to be" 1

El verbo 'To be' tiene una importancia especial en inglés. Se corresponde a los verbos españoles "ser" y "estar". Dependiendo del sentido de la frase deduciremos de cual de los dos se trata.
I am English / Soy inglés
I am in England / Estoy en Inglaterra
Tiene algunos usos especiales distintos a sus equivalentes españoles.
- Sirve para expresar la edad, en cuyo caso se traduce por 'tener':
Mary is 20 years old / Maria tiene 20 años
I am 21 / Yo tengo 21 años
How old are you? / ¿Cuántos años tienes?
- Para expresar las sensaciones también se emplea el verbo 'to be' y equivale al 'tener' español.
Are you hungry? / ¿Tienes hambre?
He is thirsty / Tiene sed
- También para hablar sobre el tiempo atmosférico. En este caso se traduce por 'hacer'
It's windy / Hace viento
It's very cold / Hace mucho frío

Más info:

Formas de pago


El curso Interchange es realmente una alternativa mucho más barata a los programas de Institutos de lenguaje conocidos. Además las clases son mucho más personalizadas y con material suplementario en todos los temas que se ven en el transcurso de los niveles del curso.
El curso cuenta con 4 niveles, después de un diagnostico gratis se determina el nivel del alumno y se garantiza que después de cada nivel de hablara y conocera el inglés de mejor forma.
Cada nivel tiene entre 45- 50 sesiones de una hora y media, cada dos unidades se hara un repaso, actividades de pronunciaión y habla. También se hará una evaluación y una sesión para la recreación con actividades del contexto de la cultura anglo sajona.

COSTO TOTAL CURSO (Contando sólo 35 sesiones, dando 15 gratis):

Formas de pago:
a- Por clase: $7.700
b- 4 cuotas de $67.375
c- Al contando con 30% del descuento: $188.650

Contacto para el curso

Nombre: Árlen Barril S.
Profesora con más de 16 años de estudios en el idioma Inglés, en variados institutos y un año de pedagogía en Inglés de la Universidad Chileno Britanico de cultura.
Experiencia haciendo clases particulares desde el año 2007.
Mi télefono de contacto es el celular: 08.6218733
e-mail: arlen.barril@gmail.com

Revisar Curriculum más adelante en los articulos del Blog. además de mi certificado del exámen internacional TOEIC